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Journal 

OF THE 

University of Bombay 

[HISTORY, EOONOMECE & 5DCIOLO(JY: NO. 5 I 

Vol, in May i&*4 Paht 1 





Journal 

OF THE 

University os Bombay 




l HISTORY, ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY - No, 5 : 



Vd. Lit Jut? 1934 Part 1 



CONTENTS- 

Aurn i-/i. 

miUIES IN THE HttrOKY M P'lJ^'AI -MS COMMIESAH I AT 1 

FIVE VALA CCl PP EBFLATE5 fL 5, GAflfctK U 

FAHUAM^TAWY COV’ESSMEKT'- US IMPLICATIONS and extent 

IJ. G. KAHVF K 

FERTILITY DATA OF THE1 ENi 1 LA N CENSUS OF IKl C. S. CHURYE m 

IflVWCtY OF CHTK A : SOMX CADStb „ |>, N,HAT4»TE 117 

Rf-. L 111 IY 3 ' m* In mi. ++-, +rl HI M~ >- >■ l-M WU 




t'L'MJ&m-ff 
run vim 



UNIVERSITY Ul BOMBAY 



, NY 

LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO, LTD. 

NFee<l kniri. ti Old Cmr* HHnU** hllT'l- 'til A filmsfcr Rnnrl, 

ftGMUAY CALCUTTA MAORA5 

LOHTION : NEW YORK ; TORONTO 




JOURNAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY 



— K* 

JVui jonrtUll is msiuty ■inirmk-.i to frmmoto rCStfifft’?! worA 

by ihc i£SL)i{-rS tTflff niiufdttf* oj the (ffliWHtfJ Of BtMtbfiy. It Will 
caidair, original ,irHclc 3 r nfiaJrtjefi of ffle 5£1 (ttiJ rrt'iirlFj of AtmJcdj 
and will be issued fix times a yei\r, iht ijfurt tnilg devoted ta the 
fall curing ettbjtcta tf* thzir order .' — 

JVn„ 1. HiHaf?, EeotVUniCM and SpciidiVCi', (July) 

AV 1. Physical ScTi-ru iiS, ittr-ladiiw ffaihcmaiia* i ' Sejitemt/er r 

No, 3. A rtw and t,aw^ f November .1 
.Vc- 'J. fJUwv, MiJ Sdci'o^cj>, ( January J 

So, J. 5iof(ijf»r .Sn^ncel’. W«.iiciiM. f' iHu nrJi.J 

A’ci. & Arff rfltd k»t ' f.1,1- 



RATEii OF SUBSCRIPTION 

Annual Sufcrecriptton ter sax. Issues. Rs, 14/- 
„ „ ( > Nos. 1 and 4 „ 9t- 

u ti ++ ,h “ ^ 

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NOTICE 

JJejniHrfifOtf.i. niH^tlurKI" raTiih'w.J fu rufr.^ijWic'Ptr, odvrttu*- 
•furttt ,i nd uglMWi «/ cfwnr^ */ **£*<U h* m idn ti ed 

to; 

m Mi LONGMANS, GREEN & Co. Lm 
Post Box No, 7Wj 

BOMBAY 





rmm nww nfimpfe urn a j 

TfllCHUW- COCHIN STATE- 

AHJt OF TEE 

University of Bombay 



l!)34-3fi 




J0TJRFAL 



OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY 

[|[I 5 TO]ftY r ICONOKUCS JVNP SOCIOLOGY! ffu, S[ 



tod. nr, 1^4 FinT r. 

CmSHEKlE 

ABTiriKlH 

Fi'ICL'IES J S TUT. ULSTDIHT OF 0 C.?AllAT 

M. ft CiJlI 3d [SFjAItlAT I 
FIVE ViL .1 WHTE&mi'KS ,., A, H.fJAItBE Ti 

rAELLL^MENIARY GOVERNICEXT [ IT* DJriJC&nOiO AND 
EiTEHT hi - L*. CL JiAIrYE W 

FERTILITY SiA TA OF TEH JIf HAN CENSES OF JU31 

Cl. S. GHL'HYK |'ji 

]'0rl:TSTY0Frm^.\= H^M nr AO*RS .„ , rl Ek. 5ft HiLUiTE 117 

UARJLETXNO OF FRUIT LSI FQON'A ^ „ + ... iC£ , 

LE& HteMltKBS RTSLAflOSB RfcTS.fi LC! XKAJTQtfJB tT LEG 
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MKM.1LA.Y LOOKS iHEAIf ^ „„ ... ... ] (g 

I'WX.iKKt-ErTUri _ ... ... ... ^ j .70 

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JOURNAL 



OF Tll£ 

UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY 

| ARTS AND tAWi Nd. fij 

YdL HI. KOVLMDEIL ISM S^mT HL 



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AltT'Jf/LL'.-i 

siJLiiAHBl liTAttJITION Ob - -I liliMJ-V. .LlLl rtHFLIt ... 

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UVJiyii IN [■JLMOlIT ... ,~ - A M. ffl I ATAUTS II 

ELiNJUJt LlIUW ... ... ... ... ZAXXLXZU. Et, HOLY U 



J!F [VA’iiW 

■J HE 1I8IEC3N ANL DEVEUJTJCESIf or HKLU HOST IN THJlO 

LITERATURE ... — -- — — 

A SHORT HlSItflSV OF KX&TJtf I UTOATCTIE , H « 

FTEYENj' KT.EMWK TH or AtKIICAKTU^ JAP.' 1 



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UNIVERSITY O.F BOMBAY 

f HESTOBY, ECQNGAilCH SOCIQLQYiY i Uio. fij 



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mm Ani'ttr^ o*’ ecosuh sc ufe is asn ^ ju a maleawi an 

A CiNlT.AL lLl :H>JLEh’>; lilil fe jr\SL? EX.D|A ,. T & W, MAfiANI r. !N 

TJJE .li^LfU JV IlFTllH I3IJJ3K AN Ll CrJlIfNAL L W AT ATFTKif^ L$ 

HHJSfOaiL: liEacaokACY: AMSniCA'ji aNsWtih td socialism ,^n 
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f ARTS AND LAW t Nu , t ] 



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JJifICLKS r 

JtVTiCXu HI 1 SJj]JL.'l QY 'JEEE V]gYrOjn]!A? ]l. U, VKLASKAEl 1 

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TflE fyj.Mll L'SiVLlKlTY JIOAUD ... IV -'. tYAUl A kk 

thf ethics of rrfLtvyv ... ... tf 4 . sj 

TFE NELirnons TL^UilYrliiH OF TUB LKOUStt RMTIIUCISIT 

IT. &, j-iiTirS A 100 

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VOLUME 111 

ttt'DEX OF AlUTTIQES 



jD^rCIJM! l'(.‘n.-' r 

Bp 0c Ai : .-icmrap-rj' iml AMr-idt uP i tbuia- 
Tr,: 'jVutintifin. 

[The LfoJin'ic!' rnn.iffl TiBrapri-ral ilimEra th.c pirt -c-J! the ttg-Iueh! 1 



A. 

Alburn, B, G. K. k T. 5. "'■VLyli r, p- 
W 3»"^TrO 

Aircfc-J-r, 9. I* A J- BE Oat, pp. n. ^5, I . 
Aw.m. J. ,P. A EL it, fju^riii. p t!1, r. 
A^avi, t 1 - ft.. A O- R- p. 

Lit K 

. — -SL1 Prailiu], p [02, V. 

ft 

3. 3., p ttift. //. 

IbuL, V- T. with K. & Mw»n4 D- D' 
j-Luc.;.;! 3. IS. fi. IrLflli. 
(I. 1 fill, 1L (ff A 

if ILL .y. Kr irStilL & £>. EL 

Knnra, pp. li!. iilh 

II, (Tr.J 

ttalt, h II. A [LatrO A. fi, Hildmm. 

p. HA II, rTr.} 

C. 

M.and+"lrVfir, G- T>, p- Bt Vf, 
CcirniLswri-iL, SE. R., tl I, J r 



lihitapi, A. U,. p. 4ii, III,, p. 'A, VI. 

Ifhurya, G. PI , p. L] d, I, 

I ; :i(55ty, II t r, Ji L:CaVt p, iiii, 
U (Tr4 

tHittrlt-p a, S'. ic T, it Dixit, cp. Sft 
Lift U- CTf.> 

H. 

Fnte, C- 1- £MTt*.)i Pi, L JK 

llflKflrciLiust, V. H. £. K, O. EJhnU h- 
£al, 11 . *3, A At) 

L 

Tflh*TH'Hrv Pi[. B. 4 ft. c Shth, o. 171 

It. (T^,> 

J icbrtpii, li, K. J L Jr. 1L C. iEJub,, jl HCl. 
II, (H. A. A.) 

[.vciigi., K. I?. iEr.iL'.vi.iT. p. III, 

Jd 

Juiflhn^ 0. V, & Y- I* Ftmt^oWp pt Jeu h 
II. (Tr-> 



n. 



UrtC, E U, p. 1, ]'■ 

Di^pH. ft. i La l!*t n. 

with I!, h\ Dmol t D. E. 

NniJ;, p tW. II, ^r.> 
Dcjat, £L N. „ p 7Dl //. ( Tr. J 
frith 3, B SnjL Ul!. 

Difmkjp. Id9t II. (TTi> 

Ite5*ip ft. Th. p 2]vi, If, 

2 iriuV. 11. tO- t r . CaUib, pp Sfl, 
9ft /7. [rr.), 

Ki Knit J3, ill 

G. 



iSihLre. A- Ii. n p. 74 - I- 

4 b. el lj*, p. aa r. 

C.soig:, O’. p. 3:. 

* JdliK 4 l^aliysl, p. 

49. f 

4 JiL J. P.tAkwtlii, p- 

im. n 



K. 

li &- witll a T. Khfltt, ■& h. 

NarguzpJ t M. E, £.!*&. 
p lAUi J*. [T->.> 

-with If. £ Shni t CL J. 

Uiatp pj. m LSi. f 
[Tr.5 

Eiiiir* A. K. 4 G. p 13d, T. 

SflrvF, D. EL, p. 9?. I- 
KihtL 11. tl, 4 it B EjflljJmabuddjyp, p, 
LSI, il, [Tr,} 

KnUmt'L, II. II, J/.(Tr.y 
fu-htTOtarr, (l E. 1 I. It. Aff&ti, p 
141 V. 

Ku&.liSi^ir, IL (L, p. 1, fdTJ. 

L, . 

Lflk; S- E. k T. E- S*a, m 519, P. 
I" ! . y Li i B A G. 91. GC£4lbj p. J t:, 
11 . {Tr.} 




3 



LffJlEi GIT AUT: 30 :-ti 



M. 

J[nb&jniiT, & ?., p. 1 76. 77. 

M-iinmiJir, V, I) r p, 77, //. (Tp.) 
llAlMni. fl €- ji, M. 7 7. 

UVUtrUrv St L>g>. Itt f J- (.Tr.) 
ISulurt!, II. h'., Jl. 117, I 
Mainni. AL, ii. L r ,'l, IV. 

IliUrtiiii, A. K flits} * D, M. Mutt, 
p, M'i, j'/, fTr ) 

MiiiJj", BramrililaL It., t\ it. III. 

Mu i; it J'.ili ■ J. L , J, L-t*j."ri p+0, J", 

Up 

JSVifc r D. E with It N. Beni 4 IL K. 

JWi. ^ l«p //. <Tr } 
w,lk, T, Gs, p, «, 77, (ITr } 

■ i <j. 15, PPran: pe. p. 

I!ATt.)^ V 

Kiiiijn.I, KL nriih ft I, Hntl. r\. D- 
Kna^i f,i. \i. Huh, ii, !fin, 77 . (Tr.} 
Ktira, S.B* Jt 3H, 7, 

Q. 

Om,. ,t, ]1. ftfl, L, Ajnh-ir, pp. fiktfliE 

P. 

I'llicL .vl fi. it A, IL KnTlriir p. ISA y, 

pun*, YpS. h p <u. iy . 

PiTicJntp GlK. ± L It Prt p 

Si, IL (Tjt.J 

ft V. Cl Ntll:, p. fib. 

II. i Tr.l 

]«htriV7.1 : . D. T„p- IM. 77. 

Flih^vUiir, D, G. i R, T. &bil, n, ion, 
II. <Tr.> 

rMbMi L- B t r, E Aw-vti, p. 102, P. 
Pjaiwilb, M- J, ft 6, J, Utccge, p.53, V. 

H, 

K*jtl<rl*r r It B. ii Ii B. V 1 ! rnn.jp*, [u 

21. IL {T7,> 



I’r.Tip-.vn'.-., r. Lp £ i", 7, Jin Lav. jv 

161 , II (Tr.} 

B. f., ]i. SS, IT. 

n. 

Ethat^lnJillu, LA E 1 13 , H ■ Elbe, tv 
m. II. (Tc.) 

Sftinp, IL U„ p. inn, VI. 

SlAi, JL 5, wltl C. T, Bhn^ ,t Et D. 

Rarm, pp, UJ, j nn, JI 
(If > 

-wilts K, E Kirrciisd A B, 

D- Kings, p, ] Ctij II. 

(Tf.) 

BWi, N. M., [-,1111, 77. 
eiiMi. k-U fcH. S. ItlmrorliS, (J, 1 TE, 
77. (Tr.'l 

ft- jJ- It FtchiT.orli, j,. 55 E 

77, (S,4 \ > 

ft E liter mm. ec els, p. 

23 E, 77 . f i a.) 

£*nJi, fi. M.. -pfc 5t ts, 77, fTr.J 
PI, ili. 8- V. ft It \L PL*Wkmr, v. I nfl, 
II- (rs-,> 

itatirL'i, ft. N. f. J, . 3 , A Mi p, Sft p H 

*. 

Viv.lt, 17 . It.- p. 77 . (Tr.j 



V. 

Vi*l. B. a, IL ^SL V. 

TnUpi. R EL, p, 14 l r II. (Tf,) p, 
I si. 77. 

TciB=ik[ h n. n, p. i, 77. 

w. 

Wodi^ Pr A„ p HO. 77. 

Whenler. T. lHH S. iltthaTTW, fv 
165, 77, (TrV) 




LSMX Of SUBJECTS 



Adiityk>n(’ ncd nulpluirr tit 
Iretirrtii — . p, 150, !i. fTf'S 
Ari-d. -linsi i p-inli -ii (if rulctCciA ilb-nr- 
litutyLta — nvllt piuoula tud rhrritihi- 
IPt |L Furmatiuu (if ji ti-Ui- 
LiscLLyL 7 mriLi-xv lTd?ijxl££yJi - 
ilu! :ui-ti : 'll. id. p. 13S, fl. (TV,} 

A'. i'ij, t.'t'i r. of bnnnmu -.n p indni >X 7 
Kulpbunii — i p. 313. If, (Tf\} 
- — ih^ii'iilL'rs ci OfiviFiiJCT cnr 
WMtvIla— p. IdW Jf, Tr.) 
—trletinti dc hde sniptH-nod 
ttitruil«rl'.Titiviw at npinili n-il 
hydros bitjimin--, |«- IMi JS- 
( rf ) 

A^lwaWnifliwnUL p. IT- h , /,, p. "Hy 
ll. r p E7, III., f. <K, r I K, p. 1(& F., 

J], Ill, rUi 

All, r^ilTiTlni of ta jiy — by □uo'kr r 
p. ft. II. [Tr. J 

iJjULH J , ^J , |'cb l 1H.B dlTItbpiTHQt of Ibl' 
fanntlii r&c®nb genital ihirte in—, 
31 - *EU I', 

Anna iolI ma! , r ;:-,n tnlfWlftty ot 

JSjiii' ,'iy, llrt— . p. I M, Hi. 

Ait n--.*l nivLt^ir,: 1 . Lutmtii.ri.— n. ii. 
ill. 

H-.'irw .vh liinfecriiTi'. E^uren, p, fl, W. 

AtniotpdE'rc, oC'lioii jsd tit* — . 31 . life. It. 



Ilbilj'JJ . I.T' CDDQlllIjiu !(J-d.hl.l:i. cfi 

iMlunlcd 'timti "c city, p. I, IV. 
E’ju-Vi RpVSiWnS. fisc EeTZCTD T 

tlpcmiirm, DtUrKI tif — DD p.mr’ttjiy 
nil Iphnnii: beLiIo^ p. 133, fi, (Tr,} 

Gj.sipJi(;f, hi-ni IihI :» ]i;isil"'iH.'C id— 

itiM nisB-.il, ji EH3, rr, (Tr} 

Deskill, fiirllLibV dqLt v l L.'il: Infiild— o[ 

tajt, p. tit I- 

Cfeicatpoi* tiDc^out ry:i. n tf!i;i[y af — 
and Lb» mw’Liwi pyanldlaJ nri. mri- 
tii'ds'. 'tagr*. - , Li j, T. 

Cn»Tlj pUni'iDer ■ -fur 12U.1, p. :RF. ll. 
ChLri, puTitJ-y Cf— *nrr.e ul'jisi, p. ]f7, 
I 4 

('!hj-in...4Hiiiii'jj Hill IIih rutlIcc oH-Clf 

tiiiblb liufiaLL mult.. J. — CbrCQKiiiniOE 

cl Alls. CJi ULLHAJl, |T ! ~.T I :.i n j heck, 

j. Si, r 

Coa&iLmbicn lJ d-hb-niiiujibiral ind 
liniinci ircccls v. lrli Lu : , .--j I boTiiSo 

,nl in-Aod p i-ittoLLiijuit i ih.'>riu-s. 

§ p, itlj II. jTr.J 

OlIIldlId Ll tbn aL::imp iic-.'t, p, 1EA IS. 



C.'iiipLiiidii cJ tJw foeL ofr-, p. 3IE, II. 
Crc»ii!A. Ti:b:iy : ’. J .v.ii ill in r si!|ilio--ril 
niiiiidr.:i‘«.tiTrc cif— nrril bi , ^±n^J^3■ , 
liinHjip arid*, pi 161, If. (Tr 1 
Cyl-OB^mii 1 . n^Lial < ciri pu n< !:■ 'i Af— 
diiJ LL: L«r! vivLi'cai p, ?!■>, it- 



L 1 1 1 . : r 1 1 1 '. i - r. , tin' ■tmlnElT (if— Ai^jjlillcr 
Ifcliin ll.-. £L :i l- nni , ji. bl '.' r V. 

IJUSL, J Ml* ft' metbud US C.-LillLll(; - iLlijit. 
iaoir r pi i£. SI. |li.) 



f jnif'.n-.LH lifn, nut D -piitfl fit — in Liiml, 

}-W. ir. 

A'smifiiuSt* ]meniii.i 4 ifiaf— i ji- w, / y. 
J'jlK.'.ri .. ( ifri i-lc-C i,Ea in- - r ; |-| I .; 14^ j L | , I , 

p.114, V. 

JT - ■ t. I : L o ; it. . t bo rth ft tc-i usi .c loe if 
iEc Enyllsb— , p. ft"', 3T- 
Fibini, ^:rdrr*itlon dF rSrTolH nnJ 
C t-5n.-c»3ic-- witt ni.-iiDnHi-niijirL'HHcjUn 
uld, iinUi^ii Ilf ££'UiLrtfLuiMl 
[jilltlifill i.:li I:-. jk ha SI. (T^.f 

p. 1^3,1., f Zil.lL, p,CU, 

in., p uf, i v., [i j in, n, pi irsfi, vs. 



T ui'ilr nLK-rPTLt gci iltil durti, 11s nlcn:- 
i:-M— i-i jii uf tho — 111 j-lpi-J /n.Dic»i p. iCi 
J* 



FirtLIitp Hat* c[ 1l,e [nlifcn CVimn of 
L'JSl , j. 1 14 , I. 

FiltfrB, ticLt— tit ll» niHnnurV a™, 

J- 2*1, fl. (Tr.} 

F44i, oil DFcauloaklri, p, 13LL II. 
rtlllltiriE;, AllSpHflllAl Wt — . p. I'Oi II. 
trp T } 



liinirnsna. niMtitniMf Id cleotrtr-, 
p i U.TL 

il>^ntc till iZHtiPilitji, [Jbiibi I'nir.ii i , dIwt- 
■v.jro®" DC Ei i V, ;>i:fc T . pi {ji, V, 
iV-'i iT.iri-L, Tii liADicsriiry - LuluipU- 
Hllri^n And. aSeat. jl ITj". I. 
[Jl-amn-SMi.-n, simvirnfli ii-MiipC'.Ah ai — 
feui|ihy pv 1, fSf. 

(ifitl ti jji. truHfciYt'iEjj imijarj.TE— ill imill 

i id Lt=, :f l u i 'i-.ilii th, p, 70, if. (Tc.1 
tJpjamt, Kadln In flib hlitciy nf , 
p. 1 , I. 



flydran'.tdiisr.', lyijtic uirmi mu — r.f Ibr 

fVinilni il^riniui', p. IIP, V, 

IdOjo^ tcmai to — iy ilia ViivfttnILrtln, 

p. ]i?J. 




4 



I5DEX OF 6CSJBHIB 



fjihnfil— ► p, 61, III- 

LinuUll Ija'iie*. n hlioft JiiiEi fill lb* 

clffltiiiiuil^ht dkfrrtufc 4 ™ ?f— 

1 ihic Lin- Waft IbiisL mE t£fiF[m r 

lllbAV Ilf ^r'flluj. p. U'i, V- 



r.lji. 1 , 1*4 n'inruliiul .'<hiiiaLi:( phiJJ^i 

id— JlflW'KHqj, p, ’(ft F 

MpUhowIIu. Li — A jrtu or s. SsHim* 
HiliLj.nh,fL. in I,//, 

Ubiiiueiii rii:i:luliu LhiKini.-i, p. II. It. 

(TtJ 

^litAAny *ta, Heht CilTurn fcr ito— . 
p.141. 11. (IV. \ 

MdeLcb*, as, 11 CMuiiir* (rf--, jl fi, 11. 
<r>.) 

13« — ’Ixtl.x, r.: pnr.if sniphc .-.n:L racrn- 

(i<FlTDU.7CI ol UTiK:- ’.nil hkVC.rnk._M 

bsmde tvild'i, pt inn, IT. [Tr/i 
MoIlai: JvfLiitinr. «.£ rlfcr — , p. ITS, 



M.Sa. 1 W .D. JegrtH, list c. th*:iu in 
1> ■<■jm.nl S: ; .K'<s mwfttd for — 
dniips LK4 Sl h p. HI. E r 

i 1 1 L-v. i ■■ iv . nrt nn*i — r nv 35. 

Ill, 



Kltnwr4 nm ipi>rjir*latliiirL <■( tlin 
Laod mm ut reran pin Hill!!* of — , ny, 
lt.{ Tj.J 

b-’ilfchur, I r *:4n rxi ™l Er.il emHimil Eft 
[V Ifl). ff. 



Obitmrp^k- 

R.nlidi, P.flv. Fr. lilbeibirti S- ■*-. 

p. F. 

Helilr'Ln, PnfbsnF Audrew tforniniij 
El. 531, II, 

I\is , lijWf4tfhr7flo , veiiiE<£;t : itn i=p:iv- 
nrl :.■■■ null iLktfelL jl. *i. /. 

! iii:m.l, r enijic-ii&tlflll lit— i?3th r.’rhaov- 
iiicirhdiflio noldr j.ulii'djii^t.ci fl'S- 
h “d" ■ '(k pjiLv ; (liLtatctrlO *Oldi, p. £=r 
LJ.fTr. ) 

Fbjwolngji jl bvn.’j'i.liuLuiii Iji Hie— ~A 
[be rim iils-nr. (CAl^iiiiiB *qLk\Y FTP, 
ASi fnrd £» BoniU<T Uci*Wtil>L', 

n. i. r. 

PfeMtury ftb**t far 1U35 , il J RH, II. 
Fp-Kjni itiL'iA, .hi aptbrnf siiLj-kJ tJ 
thin e Iau plitpi, 

I', Ml JJ- (Tr.) 

!hjitrf[, byrnci En p. in, III, 

■■mirtum, — , p. 11, FI, 

P.iti[^v*tluD. Lit ur_or>bi*i,itp;ML of Lire 
pr-.tj.-ift ur eei[ii-, p, J34 F 
Prrrd'jctian, *rntitfin— of ■rj.mplinr'Ecom 
pimai, p, 143, (/. ‘jT r. ) 



1-iinnl i i:rs ■ Uiv — - .-l t r: . ll Jt: j .rlftnr in:! 
"lil|rtWh, Jl, .JI8, 11 . (JTkJ 

hmu -ei p ih.cieiliyiaunun. 
In-iKji-j-bc-ni.iiM null the IkaLmiiia 
t:aL*j<.icur.lvD ot p-LUmetliyU.iiiicn' 

!. 'jii.'.-fibi.'jrir-r.iLiij'. . //. 

fCtk) 



ItwtrTb B*a.hj Hi Mcctja’— for Indb, 
Pi BB-JK 

Etvlerji (ft liifrbs— 

A 6hnr[, BcjlEib Lilomtu rc, 

|l HI, W/ P 

Iiijilt L .iLii - Tllln-.j^, jlIITj f- 
Ikaihiij Uwhb Abendk p, 3tSi I. 
Bseku< nf CMVItiB, p.^lB, V" 
EoMKandn l&MflMinun' i Ami'ilaij 
J.IuVUL- Hi JlHHruIjini nud. -Cdcj- 
mnipliin, jl SB, (F 

EOmratfljy ObHliiMj. Tbtorj Bad 
Fmblcuii, p. a*?, jl, 

Iivr.Tvdaj' DG4anj r p, IM, V, 

Lm prealLrE* r^MIuhl ent?: L« 

7rnmi.L: tt la prlsitn iuJ-.p'jKi 
■ ina T Indt nu.Ji.TT5 (thnE* ilfiOB- 
I1«j. p m, I. 

bEarVij-nn ml f™ib id Pcntu r'ihJLrir.l, 
p, ] D0V .. 

hlbtnr-Lup H y*;ienM. p. llU, V. 
^3mp!a,S?|rtnih% p. iw, F 
Ktc-MDi" E| L ju ¥n > «f ANrtinUli (Air, 
p. Wv 111- 

TmrbkD^ : f pra|*l VrTnnrj- l ahiHil 
I-' irn brr, p. I'j-Ii VI, 
v;--j Jnbiuir vf IbtGcilfliiEriCrLidnEl 
ah AihfDti, p. (ffii Ji F . 

'I'll* Orljin nc.il, Dry'll undent of 

a*ii fi lnt sp Fidlfl UHhBMrt, p. 60 . 

’.j 1 . 

Tbe I^]it.-»,L and sc :'dl Dsct-rinu d 
.•a'aLim. p. '.irf. 1 

Tl . ] : rctri:i |-j-.t d I L-u;nraU iJIri*- 
virt. jl I iJT. V7, 

The Wurkwli Pair- nf T-Iitt, p. jft, Ff, 
Bifir, n 4vniTinut3an ba the, pajaiiilojT 
oE L r,<' — pkinb COtiIiji.Il* viriaty 

H* freer i£» 3uuil.nj 

p. k. F 

- * »tally G-f -ini J, I -jl-njrjjji 

■EbirLij 111* 2'i,niiN.liirr| qrnl 

girrn-infltlon If 

].. 1 SJ. II cTr,) 



B-?asdl L:-i:c«i p, nl. III. 

OpsmiMPi I'n'ikritj [i. 44, VI, 

iha araiv naif — nf Him Uulvmltj" 

•-■r Fvinbi^'i iv 1 1» tit, 

bnitn, or. ■ problim ip-—, p, Ilf, It, 

fTt.) 

b'r/J, h-i'it atiiflfll# nf 4Hfiamh> idfv 
Id — k P- 60 . jF 

SLrUndljJ, luOftE-l J,Lil>„ nT I ir.lr.s : iVjinn 
V. molt, p, j. III. 

fimolk^ poilunnc nf Ekiintf t bIi by—, 
p. dlh. J/. rT r.) 

brndiii.r. jipJ pctftuium, tiudy nf cbt 
ac'.isD nf — dll aumpoujici rcclm dry 
"Jrt — TiE — smiip, p. I Qi. II. 

Linus, ''iivonv-- or ULodrraliJ^ mod 
^iobly M«F:iTLL,ritinl — kT comr »3«t- 
nnl’ittq in Fftter jpil matby j dhyL 
k ■ ' L u-priipyl ^baukrla and a dbuUEULiil] 

of rtlatht] Ktorttp. aapdiKbOH* add 




,t£>tth:ta of TH 3 lnrivEn^ETY Of uOMuat, vur., Uf , 



5 



Illicit*, y- lflO, H, {TV.) 

^jianl 7ii*i:*jMc- -niri. inlnrpnrtJUimi dL 
"Iff !r.:i:l — l -:-f i: l'i p. {fH. 

if. rro 

SpiLi.TriLtonii rmUAuoi ultr, illnmrpJjinm 
..0:1 i<bbb)%.jDv ii'.t .viuiiu 'if ’-j 

f. aa, r 1 . 

ftii *jh.or. lit! ran- Lion 1 «;wkd KClv.'.ne 

mil-.p. ISfl. JT, (Tr.) 

Svm-niriHH .viid AI"Itt.-^) cf Tbww. — 

In f'ltfnrlrtrr ni imtthr 
«4l*fidntL p. iSS, U, 

.■LpudiKts in lJil .jiilriLilluu 

jl m n. 



TabjiCrVLUPo-VnlHla.Liijo, Efl* — uE the 

TlMMSIei i,t m.iiCiUL- BiillLli™ u[ 

ctrncg clrclrnlytti. p. 2J, //, (TV.) 
lliesrem. mnxirauiiL HhvItiIuh — , k. l i. 
It, (Tr.> 

— — i>q 4 — ol Arnrtma. p. ;i. . r I, 

[TV.) 

Llit or — ill mtilo cio *1 S^Ectiwi 
1 (ivr 11. fit. mulnl. U, iIjcel™ 

fhiTinB ISS14&, p. 147. r. 

. ni^j ’Unt^oL nburvallnnri nijil 
loLi.'nHi.irj lindiDi; m Sllif. Ire lTrtii|r 



lllhltlf— pi rfl rtiiLn-ly pr.|, 

to^luLs, wllilt ipfoiil ref u rs WJ* la 

CabLUIU ilimuit. hi Ejia-jHH.nl. j|t hij. j | 

WI). |1. V, 

TjTiEJiy. litctilcB of- . . p. ft$ r Vf r 

CDiTtnitf. thoirms l». uvl! aT kKm — 
a Ucrahij, [l L$, Til, 
— thi: Inter ■fJJr.ALii, p. S3,. 



Valf, Ji i — flijij^rji.'la.Eia, p, 74. f, 

T i(*.anM' H, liiii J^naEnraUir*' if*riB,ttom rf 
etc-— ni ..i|!i lxiUi. jcl-yv.iuiD of btriMu; 
cLMtj-clytc*, p. ?), IS. {TV.) 

W<hsf&. h(rt™ iffi (Sic— of ScmtlMra .iml 

IVa. Lira p. 3S, T, 

IViFt, cllijlH.ll Lll — i'lll.n 1 .irir i l, II. . 6 , 

li, (TrO 

't ing .. duirirpb: ;rn nod -iniiplnbl r.ini . f 
£Jvt — o! spiiTDdfitnii r.fitian i ftilift., 

j. SC, y. 

W i.'iijfiii fet eronninjo i'^c dibonn al 

wi iiiilLi u. — i ei itaoLiti)' iity. pi,/ K 




Journal 

OF THE 

University of Bombay 

[HISTORY, ECONOMICS ft SOCIOLOQV: NO 5 J 



VOL. Ill Mat W34 Part I 



STUDIES IN THT HISTORY OF GUJARAT 

Rv 

FthL >1 a COMRISaASSAT, MA„ T.E.5. 

Citjafut Ciilcgc j Akwifdcbad 



PANT 7IJ.— M. J1AN T5 THEVENOTS PEARLS IK 
GUJARAT IN 1G6S 



C itfifrtrei ddhww i £y author , hit rfcr the auspices of 

the University of EarAbQy, as the Thakh&r Yassenji 
Madhavji Lectures for 1930-32 } 



S>jTt I appHrai in ITcL 1!. Part I c-f Lite Jfcjlial, sad 
Fcrt 11 if) Vei IL Far. IV at the Journal. 




CHAPTER I 

M. JtfAH DE THEVEM0T9 DETAILED ACCOST OF 15 (BEAT W ]«£ 



"LJis iLi!i'ii!|,'ilJ!ibsi FTenLE travel .et in the Eaatj at. J<e.n ::e 
Theranot, ^ho visited India in fha yrar L666, duasrvM a high pJsoa 
The value (if ft^wag Caa Eciropraa traveUnrs of the sevKot-ccnUi 
Thsm-.nL-'j Tm- Daatirry. He was a scholar uf prat ability tod un 
a-ccflm,pLisbc!l Lii^uiat, being proficient in Torkialh 
Arab(P and FcrsitCl, acijoigitinFiE -■.-bLijr nni.Liid hrin id writs os S’.* drf 
ubctlt those Esifiterr- birds through whlcb he passed. Ubllkts Tavernier, 
XojLcti E::d other 3 whose p.'Lisftiv porpoSi ir. ton East was trade 5r 
business, Thcranot, vra are toi-i, deveted h iinseir entirriy to careful 
□bwrvatnn nod enquiry, often q.i Mist iosi ins (• uamber of people- to 
ilsnirhdn the ajrrpct focta- I'Tiig irail for ancertoinroS thrtTu! 1 ! iuaa SO 
brtnort tbit he bftTlly nltawed bar-pell time be pit, bat st makes Ids 
WiXk particularly v.xlidihb tr> the :;Lai!“nt uJ hrltury. Ever. among 
SChdirS, bOw-SVer, ThevinCit'i Truii'ii- ire l:Cl!t ijMJWfl Curing to 
tie L±lL licit tbs only complete Etqjlisb trausktkiD of Lis work, m^dg 
by A. Lovell and pubiialied In London Id 1607, it., nearly 2j() ye am 
ajgtt, Ls new very mm and but littLn Jiivjwti. 1 

Mi deTbeveool, a parson ol gentle birth, was bom at Paris on 
7tb jaiw 1*5-3 qpH bn completed hig ttudite at die sat of i& at tag 
cobena of Ha rant bl [bta University of Pftrip, TIib 
M. de Tbemujt tieit yea r, m 165^ h* tiagao A long j^rKy, [»*- 
sbq{ tiiroc^ti England and Holland (n fjEjrnaqy and 
then to ItaiEy- Fbjm Rome lie proceeded to Constantcrjapio ajjJ 
Ite Levnntj a-te r after staying a year in Egypt, joined Eke Lent 
pnEgrim caravan to Jerssslem and visited die thief plana of pilgrimage 
■n PtLiestjrji- In 15 d 9 lie ietirmen so bis native liar! uflsrr Home 
adventures, on [be seas w:Lh the SpftnLA oCnainL Tils cmopiEtod 
his first jonrnsy cs.Lndi.iff over a period id sever years - 

After spending four ym* at homa in istodics usEfullfq % trayel-. 
Jer K Taevgnnt kEt Fnaoca ia Hovcaibei LfifiS cp bis sccfliid vpyHKe 
,, . . to rba East, sui devobed ais altEqtsgip rfaig ti — ie *r, 

JCt: necnP-C 5CO[ 

rtf/ thrgcgli ii h-] yesOpotiuiLf., Fcrsis and 3:idii- Landing at bidcT, bo 
"edia W PiweeiW by Ifliid to Damoacua and Aleppo a nt ^ 

than Lbl^tigh Frtq. tu Mu*d (md UajiliiLatL Kntaritig 

1- M- ul TlicrunoL* 2/di-i^ iritv titt Ln uMJ, inns by A, LtnelL T-oqdon, 
lfiSf, Pr^att. 




4 



JOURNAL OF THF- PNXVKBgrTY -OF EOWEjIV 



Parsin in 1GE4 hn journeyr-d by KsTTHP-oflliih miH H.:!:n;ulan to Istaimr. 
where bs stayed fnr hvg troc-tbs, J Tt ™; Ln FfirsJa tlssn ha root Lhe 
catobrated Italian traveller and demand mes dbuai, M, ils Tavernier, 
and the tttd joidlflE comre^r proceeded by vmy nf Shirna tn Sunciir 

Abbas. "But whito Taverner vis abla id tenure £i Ibis pirl a passage 

to lud’-'S; ThavEJiuL wns nDt SO (Ca Lunate Lecuiius aL tie GppGSihCu df 
the Rutiih. 1 J e , Eburefoiaa, t SLriCsd in:; *le|M Lti Shiraz, anil, nnvin^ 
yiSitmi tbs rtlini at the aiiCitvL PuiLi-i Capital cJ PetSe-polis P lie tiiade 
hi:; vyiiy to Basra lid Billed Foi India In tip ship H O^tftoSiT ail 6U. 
Novara but 16C5, s#rmng at the [>~j± of Surat about two mootbs lator, 
on January 10, 1665. Hid- havals in India, occuinun the nest Ltji H j«ti 
mnnliiK,, tbe early pail of which jterLo-5 was sjient In a Iouj through 
the trtuuLnrn at Gii jurat which wa pioposa to ravierw in this and 
the fcUowbuj chapters. 

On Now Ycat'a Lay, the H^pcwcU fighter: the sCath roast 

□£ Kathiawar anuf thn island of HiVj and Tbsvcnot'f reference ru the 
gr*at Porttgnesa fort thaw ahows Ilia anajcfaess -of 
□t D^- bc3 MarmatLasi avon tkdLihi be did nit land at this 

place* The fortese, l» sayE, was coosideird im- 
pregnable, being 511 rrpnndcd by t™ Iiitcjc= p both being riUec wills Sea' 
yrator, and the tniier «:ift ::e:ry iiTL-s eis::jgl: to admit l: ships. The 
fntt vias hi ft her rlet'crdm] hy mild sLUue LoslioaiS huElt vary high Upon 
the aatupil rocha and thsaa were niocutcd wilh large cannon list jGayeJ 
on all sides, It would bo no easy task to captnra such a fort uniaiis the 
U'ar risom Goid bo atoned tote surrender by an enemy through lack of 
picvisicns. i as water Lc tie untie wss cis-turn- water anr. a ver- 
Iioure hai Its cistern. The-vauot adds that, ewius So it- fina bsiboui* 
all die ti ade- of the Iodice y^m F^ninily cwiiciad hoit and at ChatiJ, but 
that tbo I- 1 ijftot so ordeTed roatterS tbiit il ’nflts wholly itmo™l tv Surat 

in ti? time. 1 

On January CD, Ibdh, Ibe hidpe\evH Lanse tn anebnr nt Snrai 'bai' 
st the riLontb c: the Tapti, the bar bobte £ called ‘ iieninse i>t tho 
many van.dban.ks t|*t bindrr great Ebips Ircin enter^ 

ikTi^at^Sum ^ JtT "' air bfl unlwded'. The follow, 

tfl. Jmp. 1®£... " ijl S day, Taoyaoot arsd Ids fellow pa^sengieis gat Into 

smnJinj rmft uad slowly sailed up the iryer with the 
tida^ TCflcbirig tint ntstorn-hcnise at niffbtfaJl arttT fussing tba Casda. 
The Elicit lad to bo apshL on tbo river fai nt one could aoler the torvo 
until the ciislouis inSfecUon hod b^n ctrried out. The rse^t oiorDiiiF 
tbfiy weco LAkcn to tbs Bbarn on the badra ol porLers who cans 
un tg them in wulstdcftp waLar lq under to i^cny tbcoi to Jlie land, 

1. 'The, 1 BOOL'S limLiii mill- fa I r .ng< tHJip. by k. Lovru Lonlrn, ISiT, Pan 

Ebiw. 




STATES- XU TKJX OT GUJARAT 



s 



tn be sftUiclietf lb*M acKWitl:^ ta the nasal cuftoro, r Vlrdted ^ 
miheb', says out 1 traveller, 'but in so sev-n^a at-f ve.tatjQsj 4 nsannar 
liar thoogh I did eiipe^ it. Find ban prepared nrysolf tf-os - Lr t>aJ 4 irnl;itnd, 
J'flt I hnd tiB-TT^Ey patience BraSugh tn jEiffortte pcarchinre to da IvkltKiever 
th«y had -fi. mind to, tbnugl T had nOLoing about me hot my olotfc&i .*- 1 
live Ctcccunt cf the i-usuiri I‘<i«h pr&r&SnrH a? grvrjn ]jy Thei'enOt 
it of fiusnjii value, for no aj.il: RYapM-E Lnfanmltom it supplied to ns tr, 
l any otlsi Lravefler, not evil In lbs Journal of Sir 
hwiO ptwedurt. TllGTnas ^CWj wha devpted *c. many pafifls ul Ha 
diary to bis Squabbles Xvitl Lhi: cuntcm; officials, 
We are told that as soon as a ship arrived, si the bur its Mas-Lie wu 
expected to ec up to the town in o Ittrl lo annonnoo tbs fact to die 
custums people, dm inspector tjiea proceeded ho (be ship to pravaat 
any snutgj lEn g of coutect with otfaur vessels lyirtf bt the box boar and 
I* received Fiom oacb poaicagiei a Fnr tbiat waa equivalent to lBrf. 
Tire paBwngprs with tboir seeds were next hirnughit op 5o Surat bi 
small i v±t 1: :■ . Kali ll rupee be-su* cSmflod per fo:ad. Tbs custom -bra°e 
bolm; opon for business only betwren ieri in, the mornloe tuud noon, 
Qlom boats liad aeueraHj to “ “W*t “ the atreann opposite (Jh: 
whail cinder proper giiwd, Tie neat day tie beats advanced n* fni 
ils she depth of tie water would permit and the oocopacta send ycxidn 
were brought asbOiB by the pfcrters on rKtip bid*. 

On landing, "die passengers weia sanGUnde J by a pdnbKr cf pccr.s 
wi;)i laipe In, tlicir banda, v-JiOSL Duty it waa re eee [hat they did 
not KimmiEaicatq with pciKtt, and whe often 
starched we30Pl drew up to mule a la™ far tlbem lo put on to tba 
coutt dE tbs eirstom-lijOGSc. Any Eiftempt at srnt^. 
gUtfl would bo attended by caring and a heavy fl.p* s Tbe Chief of the 
tras turn -bouse sa( in a Hall on a tifcixn with Isis clerks below him- 
liflph pa-’-aeiigar was al;tiltt-&d sicely Latso rhis room -wid. bit name enter- 
ed hi a legisoei. His parson was then. Eubjecrt-d [p a thpronah ECRiel : 
' Ide most take off bta cap ci Unban, aLe pidLe, abnes, stock - 
bigs, antf all tho rest of bis cades, if the stsuohera think fit 
They feel bis body a5l over, and baudEe every Ike lean inch of atoU 
RhoLt bitn with :J2 BaactnoBa; if they percoiva aoyLLLng; bartl in ft 
Lb ay rip it or, ar4 all that can bp in no is tp sufifer pjiti-eotty, 
Thr^ search :a Jong and hikes tip about a tjuar tor of an boor for 
every person severally,’ 

V T&eteiux'b T’rann'i dHfn lAe fn|d», hejnE ?UrL HI of hb j?> flLi* i^,'u 
l^iuiil, tiv,nn by A, Lwell. Leaden, 1657, p.2, 

i. Tliu-'sn'jl aiya Lhai ULOW ultu h.id a uiliid L5 dtbaud Xhn -CVHLSms urakf 
mancae (heir utfaiffi ftKrie SklEPiily and n« wall bU they came to &urat- " 1 Mve 
■cnouei he uiv 1 Mtie bring in n jce.iL :c.iay pceciciL sIvaeu c-otl odier e|c]l 
jEncb wbfeb the rfacetti of thB '■n-acusu AeVei hu« -ioi’ eVE m'nr fvrtbfojihy, 
beeausa ibs LtuLch Counueuder was ihc‘.T trier* part had wished the[P.' 




JOURNAL OF TKE UHTV5513STT OF 3QTJPAY 



Tills HUmphsetl lbs personal starch. sad, if any gold or slivar was 
Jjo.iud f two and a. half [iE- cent, nf its value VfES taken os duty aod ilia 
rat banded baei and the indivicrial permitted to go 
^ Mhnflt^li^g- out vhrijujb a wicker at tbe gate, Nasi tfar, 

ISun 11 E LVKftise . j p , . , 3 . 

pod gMila, ail had to m™ .laclt fur their ewcs or caoHinea 

left kddnd. E’jery one tied to wait outside tbs 
gate till La was called It, and TheTKpnt tvut tbe good iortooa to be 
ummeand with the first batefs. Hla "clafikhags " wert brqaglil bilo 
the nirdls of tbc Hall SJld emptied, and nil tla cCrotanti examined 
though b- hart no merchandise with hiet, r My ^uilf was riot up \ ha 
soya, 'they undid the jvonine] oF ona of my piBtsilsij with psp, of iron 
falL in the holsters,' The clerks beiup satiated, 1» wna allotted to go 
after paying duty so his mooey, Ho informs as that others were 
general]/ not so Jotlonata sj:J w«a not disposed of ss ^tjitkLy aiu3 
same hud to wait for a iDootb boicurc tboy could gs. out tbei tagKase. 
and especially SO lE they lici nuircEmncksc, on which they paid 'fear In 
the hundred if they ba CluLsttua^ and five tu Che hundred if they be- 
Eanuir- ( iJarwas ). 1 

Tbevcnot arrived at E-Ur it jlrfil two yttira uiler EbLva-i'c FaiTinus 
soak of Ibn dty pud bis Hcooont oF the sirao wdl be giver, m ihn 
author's Hilary of Gujarat. We learn fioin him that. 
Ffev ftilF-wsIs the trity bad only obtHbd walls stud eveu these were 

tCvtMrndifdrr] h*' ■ . . „ . vt ■ n 

gun, 1066. nearly id tn tmcgsi tsijf saw the new walls, 

Oldrted by lbs ICmpr^.T AvRlUEKib, JUaL begun, and 
be toils us that th -■/ veere nwk of br-ch iibuut ten foct Thick and iis 
many LitrL la order bo protect the jrlaca af-vi.us-: a cssya Lition of tba 
iavaaon. In bis opintoru bawenrar, tire epciuear MspaniHJ* for tbs 
plans msdc a srrtous irtwtake in tlwii alignment for r ba budt ttwrn so 
cEtwa to Lte Csalie Ural people to the city wOuEd be maiked Fmrn Ike 
lira of tba artillery in tbe fortreat, wlilfia tfiosu d^fendi nE the Castie c^ld 
easily be harnssod by mu-skerry. 1 The sew vvaila we re also in endow a 
smaller area Fhjf had Ijeeh Eadosed by the old mbd ansmiviitkcidEi, 
aothnf a latSfl mimbeTof '■SHie-bnilf hotiso-Sj wbreit f6mvorly p-sre vrlthin 
the city limits now t-acktdid, a cbac^c For which tavern! iuterest- 
ecI claimed Isle -CC-jcipEusali^nJ 

Tha wall? reEerred te hy Thovabo^ wliidi wars prohatfy bogda 
soum afLer 3LLvaji r & biciualcin in anl of -wbicb, therefore,, our 

tnwtikr =aw rajly thn early s(abh ib ara 
wfc3d * wtrt ktiovvu ^ SJteh&fvftnh f^hn 
wjQ*{d Eurat, Fjoteotion cd she City 1 }. Thny appear to Live 
taken over a decade [a construction far whaji 

1, Jean de Thrw*Tiub' s aicourt o[ Susll, trans, hy H- Ql. rIianiJlnsc.jb LiHitia 

vnfl. LYJ, Iftjf, P, isg.) V